In everyday life, the position most often adopted by most people is the sitting position. In fact, if we think about it, most of the activities are spent in the sitting position, at work, in transportation, in classes, during meals, in movies, among others.
With the evolution of information technology and new information technologies, people remain in the seated position more frequently and for longer periods of time. In this sense, it is fundamental to realize the importance of a correct posture, to obtain greater comfort, namely at work and adopt preventive measures, to avoid musculoskeletal pain and diseases.
In fact, few people are aware that certain back, neck and joint pains are the results of poor sitting posture, which can lead to poor health, especially in the work environment.
In the workplace, some of the reasons we may feel pain are as follows:
|Inappropriate workplace and uncomfortable work environment|
|Furniture poorly designed and ergonomically wrong|
|Fixed posture for an extended time|
|Inadequate and unfavorable positions to the joints|
|Activities that require excessive force with the hands or repetition of the same pattern of movement|
To avoid discomfort and possible injury, it is important to have a proper working environment and adopt a correct posture when we spend most of the day sitting:
To help relieve body and eye fatigue, follow some advice that can be put into practice throughout the day:
|Find an ergonomic chair for office. Raise and lower the height of the chair alternately several times a day. The higher seat reduces tiredness of the shoulders and arms, and the lower chair reduces fatigue in the neck.|
|Regularly adjust the posture to promote a better blood circulation, reducing the static muscular load associated with the sitting posture|
|Do stretches and toggle from hour to hourPlace the foot on the ergonomic foot support|
Knowing the injuries that can arise from a wrong posture and take preventive measures are the steps to follow to minimize the risks. The involvement of workers in the process of prevention of musculoskeletal diseases presupposes information and training on the several risk factors and the natural history of the injuries.